The ease of care and minimal maintenance needed to successfully grow this group makes it one of the most popular selections for a shady garden. Their leaves, which vary greatly in shape, texture, color and size, are their number-one feature. Dwarf varieties under 4” tall are easy to grow, as are their 3’ tall siblings. Leaf colors include variegated green, gold, blue-green, chartreuse, and yellow. Fantastic variegation patterns of white or gold are quite common. Most will bloom with tubular white or lavender flowers in the summer months.
• Hostas prefer shady gardens, though some varieties have been developed for full sun exposure.
• Hostas tend to be heavy feeders. Best growth occurs in well-drained soils high in organic matter.
• Consistent moisture will enable the plant to reach their fullest potential. Wet conditions should be avoided. Likewise, extremely dry conditions will have a stunting effect on the plant.
• An annual spring
feeding with a slow-release fertilizer is recommended. Do not fertilize the plant after August.
• Mulching will help to retain soil moisture, but it should be kept slightly away from the base stalks of the plan. Mulching may in- crease snail and slug populations, a common pest, so try using cocoa shell mulch or pine bark nuggets instead of ground mulches.
“Let’s Grow Green Together”
• Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the entire root structure without crowding.
• If planting bare-rooted plants, spread roots evenly around the hole.
• For container-grown plants, lightly loosen the root ball before placing it in the hole.
• Set plants so that the top/root junction is at the soil level. Lightly tamp down the soil to eliminate any air pockets.
• Finally, provide a deep, slow watering. Watering should be done so as to be sure it reaches the bottom of the root zone.
• While not usually needing a division, Hostas may be easily divided for additional plants.
• Collect divisions by cutting or pulling clumps into small clusters in early spring.
• Be sure each cluster has several shoots and plenty of roots.
• Wait at least three years for new plants to establish themselves before dividing.
• Spent flowers can be clipped off.
• Both leaves and flower stalks are suitable for cut decorative uses.
• Remove foliage to ground after a killing frost.
Insect & Disease
Hostas have very few insect and disease issues. Ask a respected Garden Center Professional for more information.
Hostas that Tolerate Sun
Sum and Substance